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*Some of the assets/ or shares of these companies have been privatized

Source: Privatization Administration

Source: Privatization Administration


Source: Privatization Administration

*HED: Hydroelectric Dam.

Sources: EÜAŞ, Privatization Administration

Source: Privatization Administration

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Turkey brief - səhifə 19

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Turkey plans to sell a 49% stake in the state-owned Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO) in a public offering, possibly in 2011. TPAO is the primary producer of crude oil and natural gas in Turkey and one of the country’s biggest companies in terms of assets and sales. Although it is a state enterprise, it continues to be one of the most profitable enterprises in Turkey. In 2009, TPAO ranked 30th biggest in terms of sales among Turkey’s 500 largest industrial corporations. TPAO employs 4,570 persons. It has no exports, producing for only the local market. It also produces natural gas. It also has oil and natural gas exploration investments in Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan and. Libya. Its oil production is fast increasing due to new on shore and offshore exploration, particularly in Turkey and abroad.

  • The Council of State, Turkey’s supreme administrative court in June 2010 cancelled the privatization of Eti Aluminum to CE-KA İnşaat for $305 million, five years after the transaction had been approved, members of the court said. The court approved the appeal by opposition Republican People’s Party Deputy Atilla Kart and said Privatization Administration had sold Eti Aluminum, Turkey’s sole primary aluminum manufacturer, for a fraction of its real value. Kart in his appeal claimed that the aluminum works had a value of at least $2 billion.

  • A Turkish administrative court abrogated the sale of the Aegean Port of Kuşadası to an Israeli-Turkish consortium, seven years after its privatization, throwing a wrench into the country’s privatization program. The court cited procedural grounds for the cancellation of the transfer for the 30-year operating rights the port to Royal Caribbean Cruise Company-Avrasya Yatırım ve Ege Ticaret Consortium. Royal Caribbean is owned by Israeli businessman Eyal Ofer. Avrasya is a subsidiary of İstanbul-based Global Investment Holding. The company Limas won the tender for the port in 2003 with a $36 million bid, but the Privatization Administration (ÖİB) rejected its request for an extension to allow it to line up financing, preferring to award the contract to the consortium, which bid only $27 million. Limas sought the cancellation of the tender, asserting that the consortium had failed to pay the $35 million minimum bid requirement. Kuşadası is a major port of call for cruise liners. Passengers disembarking from ships in tourist boom town usually shop in its many stores and visit the nearby ruins of the ancient Greek city of Ephesus before returning to their vessels. It wasn’t immediately clear whether a new tender for the port, revamped by the consortium, would be held.

  • Çelebi Holding withdrew from the tender for the operating rights of the Port of İzmir, throwing the sale of the maritime gateway into uncertainty. The Privatization Administration (ÖİB) said it would likely cancel the tender. The ÖİB turned to Çelebi on January 10, 2010, after rejecting efforts by a consortium, led by Global Holding and Hutchison, to postpone indefinitely the signing of an agreement on the Port of Izmir. The Global Holding and Hutchison Joint Venture, which also included the Aegean Exporters Association and Deutsche Bank, won the initial tender for the port with a $1.275 billion bid. Deutsche Bank withdrew from the consortium when the global economic crisis struck the European banking system, leaving the winning consortium in a financial lurch. The consortium appeared to have failed to find a new banking partner. The ÖİB had invited the consortium for contract signing last fall after the Council of State waved aside a 20-month court injunction against the privatization of the port. The State Railways Administration (TCDD) owns the port, which had an annual turnover of $103 million and a 11-ton annual capacity in 2005. The port employs 403 persons. Under the tender conditions, the new owners will operate the port, Turkey’s third biggest maritime gateway after Haydarpaşa Port in İstanbul and the Port of Mersin on the Mediterranean, for 49 years.

  • The Ministry of Health in April 2010 plans to privatize the Ladik Spa, in the northern province of Samsun. The ministry will turnover the management of its 26-room hotel and physical therapy center to private investors. The ministry also plans to privatize Turkey’s best known spa, the historic Yalova Thermal Baths, located in northwest Turkey. Under the plan, private companies would rent out, or restore, operate and transfer (ROT) the old baths back to the state. The baths have been a popular spa since Roman times. Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938), founder and first president of the Turkish Republic, built a summer home at the spa and had the leading landscape artist of the country build public parks there.

  • The government also announced it would sell starting possibly in 2011 some 45 major thermal energy and hydroelectric dams owned by the state Electricity Generation A.Ş. (EÜAŞ) to raise $15 billion.. Three of the thermal power plants, located in western Turkey, would be sold individually -- the 1,034 Soma A and B , the 320 MW Can and the 600 MW Seyitomer. The remaining 41, including the gigantic lignite-fired 1,440 MW Elbistan A and the 1,356 MW Elbistan B Power Plants, will be sold in nine batches.

  • The ÖİB is also planning to privatize the other sugar mills of Türkiye Şeker Fabrikaları (TŞF also known as TürkŞeker), the state sugar concern, in 2011, in five other groups or portfolios: Portfolios A, B and C have already gone on sale. Portfolio D includes sugar mills in Bor, Ereğli and Ilgın in west Turkey. Portfolio E covers Usak, Alpullu, Burdur and Afyon Sugar Mills in western Turkey. Portfolio F includes Eskishir and Ankara Sugar Mills. With more than 27 factories and interests in three others, TSF is Turkey’s 15th largest industrial corporation in terms of sales with turnover of $1.345 billion in 2009. The company had $2.2 million in exports in 2009. Although there are several private sugar companies, the state sugar industry produces about 80 percent of the country’s sugar and is one of the world’s largest producers of the commodity. It buys and sells 80 percent of the sugar beet produced in the country from farmers. It sells its products all over the world, but major buyers are from the countries of the former Soviet Union, the European Union and the Middle East nations. It employs 14,539 persons. Kemal Ataturk, founder and first president of the Turkish Republic, established the state sugar industry in 1926. Turkey is one of the world’s largest producers of beet and beet sugar. It produced 2.132 million tons of cube and crystal sugar in 2008. The Privatization Administration, which has a 100 percent stake in the sugar concern, hopes to sell TSF some time in the next two years. Shares of some state sugar factories, such as Konya Şeker Fabrikasi, have been sold.

  • The ÖİB in 2011 plans to launch tenders to transfer the operations of the Bosphorus Bridge and the Faith Sultan Mehmet Bridge in İstanbul, and nine express roads across Turkey. The express roads are the 921- km Edirne-İstanbul-Ankara Express Road; the 170-km Pozantı-Tarsus-Mersin Express Road; the 316 km Tarsus-Adana-Gaziantep Express Road; the 122-km Toprakkale-İskenderun Express Road; the 141-km İzmir-Aydın Express Road; Gaziantep-Şanlı Urfa Express Road; İzmir and Ankara Ring Roads. The Industrial Development Bank of Turkey (TSKB) is advising the government on the sale. Italy’s biggest private highways operator Atlantia is ready to take part in tenders for the bridges and express roads. Italy’s Autostrade is planning to take part with the Doğus and Doğan Groups of Turkey; Portugal’s Brisa has joined forces with Turkey’s Akfen; Turkey’s Global Investment Holding is teaming up with Austalia’s Macquarie; France’s giant contractor Bouygues and Spain’s Abertis are also planning to bid.

  • The government in 2011 plans to hold a new tender for the rights to build and operate Bodrum-Milas International Airport because the current operators failed to carry out new investments as stipulated in its contract with the state. Teknotes Teknolojik Tesisler A.Ş. and Aerodrom Beograde Airport Ortak Girisim signed a contract in 2006 to operate the airport for 45 months for $100 million and renew it.

  • The government of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) is planning to lease out its two airports – Ercan and Geçitkale – in 2011 under a build-operate-transfer (BOT) model.

  • The ÖİB is planning to privatize the Port of Tasucu in Mersin, possibly in 2011. The port was formerly owned by SEKA, the privatized state paper concern.

  • The ÖİB is planning to sell its remaining 30% share in the partially privatized telecommunications company Turk Telekom starting in 2011 through share sales. The ÖİB picked Deutsche Bank- Garanti Investment Securities A.Ş. as financial advisers for the public offering. Saudi Oger Telekom, which owns 55% of Türk Telekom, offered to buy another 10% share of the telecommunications concern at a “premium price.”

  • The Savings Deposits Insurance Fund (TMSF) is expected to announce a new tender for Denizli Shopping Center in 2011 after no bids were received for the mall in an initial tender on December 12, 2006. The TMSF seized control of the shopping mall from its previous owner EGS Gayrimenkul Yatırım Ortaklığı against the company’s debts to the state. A minimum bid of $33 million is required of the bid.

  • The Municipality of Greater İstanbul begun work on the privatization of İstanbul’s Metro Lines and Light Rail Systems, the İstanbul Gas Distribution Company (İGDAŞ) and municipal real estate development company Kiptas, and plans public offerings and block sales. İstanbul has 47 km of rail lines that will be extended to 100 km.

  • Turkey plans to tender İstanbul’s third international airport on a build-operate-transfer basis and also plans to tender the operating rights to Nevşehir Airport, possibly in 2011.

  • The government possibly in 2011 plans to privatize Kepez Elektrik, one of the two utilities it seized from the controversial Uzan family in 2003. Kepez operates hydroelectric dams, and produces and distributes power in Antalya province.

  • The ÖİB plans a share sale in Yeni Çeltik Coal and Mining Inc., possibly in 2011.

  • The Ankara Municipal Assembly agreed to privatize the Dikimevi-AŞTİ Ankaray public transportation systems, provided that the buyers modernize them.

  • The Privatization Administration (ÖİB) plans to sell its remaining 75.02% stake in state-owned Türkiye Halk Bankası (Halkbank), Turkey’s sixth biggest commercial bank, in block sales in 2011. In May 2007, it sold a 24.98 stake in the bank for $1.846 billion, in the biggest public offering in Turkish history. Some 50,311 Turks and 203 domestic and 188 foreign institutional investors acquired the shares. Some 10 % of the company is owned by the Kuwait Investment Authority, which was the highest bidder for a 50% stake in the Cevahir Shopping Mall in İstanbul. Founded in 1938, Halkbank is the second largest state bank in Turkey and fifth overall with 590 domestic branches, two foreign branches, one offshore bank, and 11,202 employees. It also operates 944 automated teller machines. (ATMs) and has more than 6 million customers. The bank has always kept a low profile, lending primarily to small and medium size companies, small businessmen, artisans and craftsmen. The bank does some import-export financing, but is not as active in this field as other banks. In 2009, Halkbank posted a net income of $612.9 million on assets of $24.507 billion. Yet 9.3 % of all of its bank loans as of September 30, 2006, were non-performing. In November 2004, Halkbank absorbed the financially ailing Pamukbank, in a major merger. Sixty-three percent of the bank’s branches are located outside İstanbul, Ankara and Izmir, Turkey’s three biggest cities. It has at least one branch in counties with inhabitants of 100,000 or more. Some 10 banking groups, including Spain’s Banco Bilbao Vizçaya Argenteria, Akbank, Fortis Bank, Garanti Bankası, and the National Bank of Kuwait, Deutsche Bank, have expressed interest in acquiring a majority stake in Halkbank.

  • The State Railways Administration (TCDD) is planning to lease out its 904 train stations and terminals in 57 provinces to the private sector possibly in 2011, in the greatest reform in the 78-year history of Turkey’s biggest money-losing state economic enterprise. The TCDD intends to raise $500 million annually through the leases that would allow the private sector to build hotels, cafes, restaurants and shopping centers at the stations and terminals. The biggest prize of all would be the Haydarpaşa Terminal Project, in İstanbul, where Turkey’s Çalık Group has already prepared a $7 billion dollar plan to transform it and the surrounding areas into a major shopping, cultural and tourist hub with five-star hotels with a bed capacity of 9,000, public parks, a convention center, yachting marinas, theaters, shopping malls, deluxe restaurants, marinas, and seven tulip-shaped skyscrapers to symbolize the city (originally built on seven hills). The project aims to change the skyline of İstanbul to make it resemble Manhattan. The plan was designed by Sefik Birkiye, an architect. Birkiye designed the Klassis Hotel and the Klassis Golf Hotel and Country Club in Silivri, 60 km west of İstanbul, a new city for Monaco, and major sites in Cairo. A new train terminal is being built at Yenikapi as part of the Marmaray Project, a high speed rail connecting Asia and Europe with a tube crossing under the Bosphorus, which will replace the Sirkeci and Haydarpaşa Railway Terminals.

  • The government is planning to privatize the state Horse Races and the Spor Toto, the soccer lottery, possibly in 2011.

  • The government wants to privatize the İstanbul Stock Exchange and the İstanbul Gold Exchange.

  • The State Railways Administration plans to sell Sirkeci Railway Terminal, one of the two main railway terminals of İstanbul, and would like buyers of the land to build hotels, business offices and shopping plazas at the site on the European side of İstanbul. A new train terminal is being built at Yenikapı as part of the Marmaray Project, a high speed rail connecting Asia and Europe with a tube crossing under the Bosphorus, which will replace the city’s Sirkeci and Haydarpaşa Railway Terminals.

  • The government authorized the Higher Planning Committee to tender the construction of $9.9 billion of Express Roads in western Turkey to the private sector on a “build-operate-transfer” (BOT) basis, possibly in 2011. The 781- km of highways will be tendered in nine sections and will include the 30 km Kınalı-Hadimköy Motorway, northwest of İstanbul, at a cost of $130 million; the 106 km Hadımköy-Mahmutbey Motorway in northwest Turkey at a cost of $343 million; the 86 km Tarabya-Beykoz Motorway-at the cost of $2.2 billion; the 89-km Sarıyer-Yuşa Highway for $2.251 billion; the 117-km Mollafenari-Akyazı Motorway in northwest Anatolia; the 30 km Izmit Junction for $350 million; the 62 km Kınalı-Ağaclı Motorway for $529 million; the 115 km Garipçe-Poyraz Highway for $2.036 billion; the 146 Ömerli-Akyazı Highway for $1.258 billion. The highways will supplement the existing Trans European Motorway (TEM) will have a capacity for 506,000 vehicles a day. It also plans to tender the Izmit Bay Bypass Road and İzmir Highways. The İzmit Bay Bypass will include a bridge across the bay, tunnels and 44 km of highway, linking the northeastern coast of the Sea of Marmara with the town of Orhangazi, in Bursa province, and connecting to the new İzmir Highway for a total 404 km. The İzmir highway will have parking facilities every 20 km and service stations every 50 km and motels and hotels every 200 km.

  • The Council of State in April 2009 indefinitely halted the sale of Aras Elektrik Dağıtım, which distributes electricity in the northeastern provinces of Erzurum, Ardahan, Erzincan, Iğıdır, Kars, Ağrı and Bayburt, to Kiler Alışveriş Hizmetleri Gıda Sanayi for $128.5 million on procedural grounds. Kiler on September 25, 2008, gave the highest offer for the power distributor. The only other bidder was Aşkale Çimento.

  • The TMSF on March 10, 2009, took control over Nergis Holding’s 50% share in BIS Energy, a power company in the city of Bursa, against its debts to the state, and plans to privatize its interests.

  • Turkey plans to construct a Bridge Across the Dardanelles on a “build-operate- transfer” (BOT) basis and plans to tender it to a private group.

  • The government reportedly shelved plans to privatize T.C. Ziraat Bankası, Turkey’s oldest and biggest bank, through public offerings in 2011.

  • The state-owned Turkish Coal Corporation (TKI) is planning to open 20 more new lignite coal fields to the private sector under a plan to create jobs for 10,000 persons, produce 50,000 tons of coal and turn out 35 billion kilowatt hours of electricity annually. Winners of the contracts for the 10 biggest fields must build power stations to accompany the investments. The country has abundant supplies of low calorific lignite – 8.3 billion tons – that it wants to use to meet Turkey’s growing demand for electricity. Rising prices for imported oil and natural gas are forcing Turkey’s energy planner to reassess the country’s domestic coal supplies. The other major coal fields to be transferred to the private sector include: Tekirdag-Saray, in European Turkey, with 129 million tons of reserves. The winner must build a 300 MW power station; Bingol-Karlıova, in eastern Turkey, with 26 million tons of reserves. It is also required to build a 100 MW power plant; In Bursa-Davutlar, northwestern Anatolia, a 160 MW plant has to be constructed; In Denizli, western Turkey, a 160 MW power plant will have to be erected; In Manisa – Eynez in western Anatolia, a 600 MW plant is needed. The coal will be used for heating and electricity; Kütahya-Derinsahlar, in western Turkey, where a 300 MW plant will be built. The coal is to be used for heating purposes and for power generation; Adana Tufanbeyli, southern Anatolia. A 600 MW power station needs to be built; Soma-Eynez, western Turkey, where a 300 MW plant has to be built.

  • The TMSF is planning to merge the remaining assets of Türk Ticaret Bankası (Türkbank), a bank in the process of liquidation, with Birleşik Fon Bankası, a bank under the control of the TMSF), and privatize the new entity as Türkbank. The TMSF took over Türkbank in 1997, when it could no longer meet its obligations. Previous efforts to privatize the bank failed.

  • Turkey plans to privatize the state petroleum pipelines operator BOTAŞ, munitions producer Makine Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKEK) and the General Directorate of Coal (TKİ) when the global economic crisis is over. The three companies to be privatized are: Botas, the state company responsible for importation, transmission and distribution of oil and natural gas. Botaş currently operates 3,374 km of crude oil pipelines and 10,526 km of natural gas pipelines, carrying 130.2 million tons of crude oil and 88 billion cubic meters of natural gas each year. In 2007, BOTAŞ had a net income of $695 million on net sales of $1.281.4 billion; MKEK, which comes under the Defense Ministry, is the state armaments manufacturer, operating 12 factories and producing ammunition, weapons, rockets, explosives, machinery, materials, and chemical products for the Turkish armed forces and for civilian use. The company has 5,685 employees and had a before tax income of $13.9 million on $380.8 million in sales in 2009; TKİ, Turkey’s 18th biggest industrial company in terms of sales, mines lignite coal at seven big mines in western Turkey. In 2009, it had a before tax income of $283.1 million on net sales of $1.510 billion. The company employs 9,037 persons.

  • The Turkish Aviation Industry, a manufacturer of military aircraft, may go public in 2011, Murad Bayar, the Undersecretary of Defense Industries, said in an interview with the newspaper Hurriyet on March 27, 2010.




Share of ÖİB (%)


Sümer Holding A.Ş. *

Textile, leather, ceramics, carpet, sugar



Hidrojen Peroksit Sanayi



Türk Telekom A.Ş.

Ankara Doğalgaz Elektrik

Üretim ve Ticaret A.Ş.

Milli Piyango İdaresi

Kayseri Şeker Fabrikası

Chemical products


Chemical products


Power Production and


National Lottery








T. Denizcilik İşletmeleri *



Tobacco, Tobacco Products, Salt  and Alcohol Enterprises Inc. (TEKEL)


Tobacco Products, Salt


Turkish Electricity Distribution Inc


Electricity Distribution


Ankara Doğal Elektrik Üretim ve Ticaret A.Ş.

Electricity Production


Türkiye Şeker Fabrikaları A.Ş. (TürkŞeker)*

Sugar processing


KBİ-Karadeniz Bakır İşlet. *




T.Halk Bankası A.Ş. *



Doğusan Boru Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş.

Pipe Production


Turkish Airlines (THY)*



Türk Arap Pazarlama A.Ş.



Kayseri Şeker Fabrikası A.Ş.

Sugar processing


Türkiye İş Bankası

Başkent Doğal Gaz Dağıtım


Natural Gas Distribution

0.000001   80.00



Toroslar (Adana, Mersin, Osmaniye, Hatay, Gaziantep and Kilis)


Trakya (Edirne, Kirklareli and Tekirdağ)


Van Gölü (Van, Hakkari, Muş, Bitlis )


AYEDAŞ (Asian side of İstanbul)


Aras (Erzurum, Ağri, Kars, Ardahan, Erzincan, Bayburt, and Iğdır)


Bogaziçi (İstanbul – European Side)


Akdeniz (Antalya, Burdur and Isparta)


Menderes (Aydın, Denizli and Muğla) ****


Gediz (İzmir and Manisa)


Göksu (Adıyaman and Kahramanmaraş) ****



Beyköy Hydroelectric Generation Plant


Ataköy Hydroelectric Generation Plant


Hopa Lignite Generation Plant


54 Smsll River Plants*


Seyitömer Lignite Generation Plant


Electricity Power Generation Company (EÜAŞ


1,200 MW Hamitabat Power Plant


1,034 MW Soma B Lignite- Fired Power Plant


1,034 MW Soma A Lignite-Fired Power Plant


320 MW Çan Lignite-Fired Power Plant


Group 1 1,365 MW Elbistan A

1,440 MW Elbistan B Lignite-Fired Power Plants located in Afşin,


Group 2 1,351 MW Ambarlı Natural Gas-Fired Power Plant;

630 MW Ambarlı Fuel oil-Fired Generation Plant located in Ambarlı, İstanbul.

 Group 3 300 MW Çatalağzı Bituminous Coal- Fired Power Generation Plant, in

İşıkveren, Zonguldak;

180 MW Aliağa Natural Gas-Fired Power Plant in Aliağa, İzmir:

457 MW Kangal Lignite -Fired Power Plant in Kangal, Sivas;

265 MW Tunçbilek Lignite-Fired Power Plant in Tunçbilek, Kütahya.

Group  4 210 MW Orhaneli Lignite Generation Plant in Orhaneli, Bursa;

160 MW Sarıyar HED*, in Sakarya province;

1,432 MW Bursa Natural Gas-Fired Power Plant in Ovaakça, Bursa;

276 MW Gökçekaya Hydroelectric Dam, in Sakarya;

  38 MW Yenice Hydroelectric Dam in Sakarya.

 Group 5 630 MW Kemerköy Lignite-Fired Power Plant in Milas, Muğla;

630 MW Yatağan Lignite-Fired Power Plant in Yatağan, Muğla;

420 MW Yeniköy Lignite-Fired Power Plant in Milas, Muğla;

69 MW Demirköy HED on the Gediz River;

62 MW Adıgüzel HED on the Büyük Menderes River, in Denizli;

48 MW Kemer HED on the Büyük Menderes River;

32 MW Karacaören-1 HED on the Aksu River, in Burdur;

159 MW Gezende HED on the Göksu River, in Ermenek, Konya

 Group 6 703 MW Altınkaya HED on the Kızılırmak River in Samsun;

56 MW Derbent HED on the Kızılırmak River in Samsun;  

128 MW Hirfanlı HED on the Kızılırmak River in Ankara;  

76 MW Kesikköprü HED on the Kızılırmak River in Kırıkkale;

54 MW Kapulukaya HED on the Kızılırmak River in Kırıkkale.

Group 7 500 MW Hasan Uğurlu HED on the Yeşilirmak River in Samsun;

69 MW Suat Uğurlu HED on the Yeşilırmak River in Samsun;

90 MW Köklüce HED on the Yeşilırmak River;

27 MW Almus HED on the Yeşilırmak River in Samsun;

120 MW Kılıçkaya HED on the Yeşilırmak River in Giresun;

32 MW Çamlıgöze HED on the Yeşilırmak River in Sivas.

 Group 8 160 MW Çatalan HED on the Seyhan River in Adana.

138 MW Aslantaş HED on the Ceyhan River in Osmaniye;

124 MW Menzelet HED on the Ceyhan River in Kahramanmaraş;

189 MW KIşık HED on the Ceyhan-Tekir Rivers;

10 MW Karkamış HED on the Euphrates River in Şanlıurfa.

 Group 9 75 MW Doğankent HED on the Harşit River in Giresun;

85 MW Kürtün HED on the Harşit River in Gümüşhane

26 MW Tortun HED on the Tortum Lake in Erzurum

170 MW Özlüce HED on the Peri Suyu River in Elazığ.




Toll Motorways


Bosphorus Bridges




Boğaziçi (Bosphorus)




Fatih Sultan Mehmet






















İzmir ve  Ankara Çevre 





1.State Railway’s İzmir Port 2.İzmir Ceşme Port

3.State Railways Derince Port