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The project of Georgian Grammar in English - Tamar maxarobliZe Llingvisturi werilebi II tbilisi 2009 tamar makharoblidze...

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The project of Georgian Grammar in English


The project of Georgian Grammar in English will be the first fundamental work of this type performed by the Georgian linguists. The work will be based on the best results of the traditional Kartvelologian linguistics including the newest researches of our foreign colleagues as well. This project will introduce the Georgian grammar categories analyzing them in the light of typology and universal linguistics. Such work could be considered as a unique project - with combination of different methods and scientific approaches.

This project will expose the results of our theoretical and practical experiences and this will be as a response to the long time expectation of many foreign linguists. We hope that this project will find a big interest among our foreign colleagues and students.


There are a few editions of Georgian Grammar in English. The best one is a book of Howard Aronson: “Georgian-A reading Grammar”, which was published by Chicago University in 1982. As the author says, this is a reading grammar, a book of lessons with grammar. Last year the famous kartvelologist Kevin Tuite (University of Montreal) published a book - “Kartvelian Morphosyntax. Number Agreement and Morphosyntactic orientation in the South Caucasian Languages”. “Georgian - A Learner’s Grammar” by George Hewitt was updated in 2005. In 2008 Marchelo Cherchi (University of Chicago) published a small book with general information – “Georgian”. The academic publisher LINCON-EUROPA released two of my books: “Basic Georgian”. LINCOM-EUROPA. 2008 and “A Short Grammar of Georgian”. LINCOM-EUROPA. 2009. There are also a few trials of non-linguists, such as ethnologist Shorena Kurtsikidze (University of California, Berkley) published “Essentials of Georgian Grammar”. This is a 50-lessons book with attached tables of conjugated verbs.
Concerning the actuality of the theme, we think that the growing interest to Georgia shows the demand of such literature as well. Besides, there is a big interest in such products at the international market of academic books and publishers.

Our project will be unique with its scientific meaning – this will be the first trial to have a full typological analysis of all Georgian linguistic system on the different hierarchical levels and the Georgian grammar categories will be exposed in the light of universal linguistics as well.


We hope that some prestigious foreign publishers will be interested to publish this work. Namely, we have the relationship with the A-class publisher - LICON-EUROPA and it is very important for the promotional strategy of the results of this project. This project will be published as a book and its electronic version will be on the server of The National Library of Georgia.
The Georgian Grammar in English will be a big fundamental work. It will begin from the introduction with the general information. The next part will be a short course of the Georgian phonetics, as we can’t analyze morphonology without it. Than we’ll have the detail analysis of the Georgian morphology and the last part will be about the Georgian syntax. Besides the theoretical texts, the core staff members will prepare the full bibliography with annotations about the each grammar items.
In spite the fact that T. Makharoblidze has a successful experience of writing and publishing scientific books and articles in English, a good experience of writing screenplays and poems in English, at the end of our project (in the 8th quarter) we will announce the vacancy for an English native-speaker as a proofreader to edit the text. For this purpose we could collaborate with our foreign colleagues as well.
Unfortunately, the above mentioned literature (except the Aronson’s book) is not available in Georgia. There is a lack of modern typological literature in local libraries. We consider important to have the access to this literature and also to have some consultations with our foreign colleagues. The scientific director of the project plans to visit the nearest European Kartvelologian center in Germany at Frankfurt Goethe University.
We would like to outline that till now we have only a few separate trails of typological analysis of some grammar categories of Georgian. This project will provide wide typological analysis of the Georgian language system. Of course, there will be the descriptive analysis with some elements of historical-comparative linguistics for some diachronic investigations when demanded.
The methods of our research are typological, descriptive and historical-comparative. We are more than sure, that only such combinations of methods will guarantee the best results for our project.

qarTvelologiuri centrebis

Seqmnis proeqti evro-atlantikur

kulturul-saganmanaTleblo sivrceSi


koncefcia


dResdReobiT qarTuli ena da kultura saqarTvelos garda msoflioSi sakmaod mwirad aris warmodgenili sul raRac oriode universitetSi. isic unda sinanuliT aRvniSno, rom, samwuxarod, am procesSi maincdamainc Zlieri mecnierebi ar arian CarTuli. vfiqrobT, rom, mravali TvalsazrisiT, Zalian mniSvnelovania aseTi centrebis Seqmna. am tipis samuSaos odiTganve asrulebdnen qarTveli mecnierebi da moRvaweebi saberZneTSi, egvipteSi, siriaSi, palestinaSi, iudeaSi da yvelgan, sadac qarTvelebs istoriulad xeli miuwvdebodaT. es iyo umniSvnelovanesi kulturul-saganmanaTleblo kerebi.
qarTvelologiuri centrebis Seqmnis proeqti evro-atlantikur kulturul-saganmanaTleblo sivrceSi moazrebs

qarTvelologiis mecnierebaTa dargebisa da, saerTod, qarTuli kulturisa da enis farTomasStabian polularizacias. aseTi centriAqarTuli enisa da kulturis siyvaruliT ucxoel specialistTa Taobebs gamozrdis. mimdinare etapze Cveni mezobeli saxelmwifoebis arasasurveli aqtivobis fonze es mniSvnelovani win gadadgmuli nabiji iqneboda Cveni qveynisTvis.


Cveni Rrma rwmeniT, ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitets sxva institutebTan erTad SeuZlia, udidesi roli Seasrulos am saSviliSvilo saqmeSi. kerZod, vfiqrobT, rom dasawyisisTvis sasurveli iqneboda Tsu-sTan damegobrebuli evropis universitetebSi (cxadia, am universitetebis administraciasTan SeTanxmebiT) qarTveli mecnierebis mivlineba. mniSvnelovania gamocdili da maRali SemoqmedebiTi potencialis mqone profesorebis mivlineba qarTuli enisa da kulturis sauniversiteto kursebis wasakiTxad, aseve konkretuli erToblivi samecniero proeqtebis mxardaWera. ucxoeTis universitetebi am sakiTxs Cvens magivrad ver gadaWrian. saWiroa erToblivi Zalisxmeva.

zedmetad mimaCnia specialistebisaTvis am tipis qarTvelologiuri centrebis mniSvnelobis Sesaxeb damatebiTi ganmartebebis micema.

profesoris master-klasebi


1. master-klasi

media ena


media enis master-klasi

(12 saaTi)

gulisxmobsYyvela formis mediis lingvistur analizs. Aaq aseve ganixileba metyvelebis ZiriTadi universaluri parametrebi da “Jurnalisturi licenciebi” – tipologiuri analizi; dadebiTi da uaryofiTi sametyvelo veli da misi roli molaparakebebis teqnologiebSi; neirokognituri lingvistikisa da fsiqolingvistikis roli JurnalistikaSi; dro da sivrce enasa da mediaSi; ena da sociumi; bunebrivi da xelovnuri enebi; ena da xelovnuri inteleqti: lingvisturi da eqstralingvisturi faqtorebi; tipologiuri lingvistika da universaluri azrovneba: ena da SemoqmedebiTi azrovneba.

Master class Media Language


Master class of Media language (12 hours)

includes the linguistic analysis of all types of local Media. It also exposes the following items: the general parameters of speech and so called “journalistic licensees” in typological light: positive and negative speech areas and their roles if negotiation technologies; the role of neuro-cognitive linguistics and psycholinguistics in journalism; time and space in language and in media; the language and socio-individuals; natural and artificial languages; the language and artificial intellect; linguistic and extra-linguistic factors of speech; typological linguistics and universal thinking; the language and creative thinking.

2. master-klasi media scenari

master-klasi media scenari

(12 saaTi)

moiazrebs sascenaro xelovnebis daxvewas - igulisxmebaYyvela formisa da yvela Janris mediis scenari. Janrebi da formati. telefilmi - dokumenturi da mxatvruli: radio speqtakli, animaciuri filmi; moklemetraJiani filmi, yvela tipis Sous scenari, reklamis scenari: JanrTa kombinireba. saerTaSorsio proeqtebi.

A aq aseve ganixileba rigi sakiTxebi: sareJisoro da literaturuli scenari; scenari da politika; PR scenari; scenaris weris teqnologiebi: scenaris marketingi.

Master class Media scripts


Master class of Media scripts

(

12 hours)

means teaching of all types of media screenplay writing. All genres and directions of screenwriting; formatting and editing the scripts; (TV-scripts (feature and documental), radio plays, animation screenplays, shorts; all kind of show-scripts, combination of genres; International projects.

The following items also will be discussed on the lections: scripts in literature and producers screenplays; developing screenplays; politics and screenplays; PR technologies and PR screenplays; screenwriting technologies; screenplay marketing tools.

3.

profesiuli mzaoba

master-klasi


master-klasi profesiuli mzaoba

(

15 saaTi)

- es sagani gulisxmobs – magistrantTa saboloo profesiul Semowmebas. Aaq studentebi prexentaciis saxiT warmoadgenen maT mier momzadebul media proeqtebs da miiReben obieqtur da kritikul Sefasebas rogorc Tavisi Tanatolebisgan, aseve profesorisgan. Sefasebis ZiriTadi kriteriumebi dadgenili iqneba konkretuli tipis media mimarTulebisaTvis. semestris ganmavlobaSi mimdinare proeqtTa kritikuli ganxilva da analizi studentisTvis iqneba didi praqtikuli gamocdileba da aseve es procesi paralelurad karg masalas Seqmnis kavkasiis media skolaSi studenturi mauwyeblobis CamoyalibebisaTvis.

  1. Master class of Professional readiness


Master class of professional readiness (15 hours) -

means to accept the presentations from the students different types of their media-projects giving the professional analysis and directions to their project pushing them towards the local media market. Basing on the professional knowledge (they got during the 4 years in CSM) the students will analyze their projects and will gain a lot of practical experience of project writing and presentation learning on their own mistakes; Besides CSM will collect some great material for its (future) student broadcasting.

სილაბუსი



სასწავლო კურსის დასახელება


da aRwera



qarTuli enis morfologia


qarTuli enis morfologiis kursi gulisxmobs qarTuli enis morfologiis detalur Seswavlas da mis gaanalizebas. is moicavs 1 semestrs da 5 kredits kursi moaizrebs leqciebs, seminarebs da individualur Temas TiToeuli studentisaTvis.
Ees aris inglisurenovani kursi baklavriatisa da magistraturis yvela dainteresebuli ucxoeli studentisaTvis.

qarTuli enis morfologiis kursi Sedgeba sami ZiriTadi nawilisagan:

1. saxelTa morfologia,

2. qarTuli zmnis morfologiuri analizi,

3. formaucvalebel sityvaTa morfologia.
Ees saswavlo kursi moicavs qarTuli enis sistemis tipologiur analizs. cxadia, upirveles yovlisa, warmodgenili iqneba deskrifciuli analizi da aseve istoriul-SedarebiTi enaTmecnierebis elementebic - saWiroebis mixedviT.
humanitaruli mimarTulebis studentebisaTvis Zalze mniSvnelovania sxva enaTa da kulturaTa codna. es maT daexmarebaT humanitarul mecnierebebSi saorientaciod. qarTuli enis gramatikis codna ki namdvilad Rirebulia da nebismier lingvists aZlevs upiratesobas momaval profesiul karieraSi winsvlis TvalsazrisiT.

qarTuli enis morfologiis kursis ZiriTadi mizania qarTuli morfologiis swavleba da am sferoSi praqtikuli codnis miReba, aseve iberiul-kavkasiuri enaTmecnierebis zogadi gacnoba da lingvistur disciplinebSi analitikuri azrovnebis ganviTareba.


kursis ZiriTadi koncefcia moiazrebs qarTuli gramatikuli (morfologiuri) kategoriebis Seswavlas sxva nacnob enebSi Sesabamis kategoriebTan tipologiur SepirispirebaSi. yvela SesaZlo monacemebis gamoyenebiT Catarebuli globaluri analizi, saerTod, mudam saukeTeso rezultatiT xasiaTdeba.
swavlebis meTodebi aris gansxvavebuli. efeqturi swavlebisaTvis pirispir meTodi aris ZiriTadi, Tumca me aseve gamoviyeneb swavlebis onlain saSualebebsac. axnis meTodi aris 20%, Cvenebis - 20%, gamokiTxvis – 10% da TanamSromlobiTi meTodi aris 50%.

სასწავლო კურსის კოდი სასწავლო კურსის სტატუსი




Ggradacia



finaluri gradacia daefuZneba sam Sefasebas

  1. yovelkvireuli aqtivoba

  2. individualuri Tema

  3. saboloo gamocda

TiToeuli testis procentuli gamoTvla mocemulia Semdegi sqemiT:

 

Test Grades



A



100% - 90%

B



89% - 80%

C



79% - 70%

D



69% - 60%

F



59% - 00%

შეფასება



yovelkvireuli kvizi 25% (xuTi kiTxva kviraSi axsnili masalis Sesaxeb) es aris gangrZobiTi Sefasebis forma, romelic efeqturad ganapirobebs studentis CarTulobas saswavlo procesSi. am dros studenti moiTxovs, rom leqciaze yvela sakiTxi iyos misTvis gasagebi. individualuri Temis Sefaseba 25% (studenti ganaviTarebs Temas saswavlo procesSi) es mas aZlevs saSualebas, rom gamoiCinos piradi iniciativebi da Seaiwavlos meti damatebiTi masala. gamocda 50% (es aris weriTi gamocda semestris bolo kviras. is gansazRvravs studentis mier Catarebuli samuSaos Sedegebs da silabusSi warmodgenili sakiTxebis aTvisebis dones. gamocdisTvis studenti Tavs uyris ganvlil masalas da ajamebs da kursis ganmavlobaSi miRebul codnas.

ECTS



erTi semestri 5 krediti
125 saaTidan

30 saleqcio/saontaqto saaTi

25 seminari

60 damoukidebeli muSaoba

10 sagamocdo saaTi


ლექტორი



Tamar maxarobliZe,

filologiis mecnierebaTa doqtori. Tbilisi tel. (99532) 778090, 899317776; E mail ateni777@yahoo.com

სასწავლო კურსის მიზანი



qarTuli enis morfologiis kursis ZiriTadi mizania, rom specialistebi dawvrilebiT gaecnon qarTuli enis morfologias, miiRon Teoriuli codna am fundamenturi mecnierebis sferoSi da SeZlon qarTuli enis morfologiur formaTa praqtikuli analizi; zogadad gaecnon iberiul-kavkasiur enaTmecnierebas; gamoimuSavon lingvisturi azrovnebis unari.

სასწავლო კურსის შესწავლის წინაპირობები



enaTmecnierebis minimumis codna aucilebelia, xolo qarTuli enis garkveuli codna misasalmebelia.

saWiroa internetisa da qarTul-inglisuri / inglisur-qarTuli leqsikonebis xelmisawvdomoba.



სასწავლო კურსის ფორმატი



leqcia, praqtikuli seminari da praqtikuli davalebebi; referatis momzadeba

სასწავლო კურსის შინაარსი



I nawili saxelTa morfologia


Sesavali nawili



  1. zogadi informacia saqarTvelos Sesaxeb, qarTuli damwerloba

  2. arsebiTi saxeli da leqsikur-semantikuri jgufebi

  3. brunvaTa sistema qarTulSi, klasifikacia fuZeTa mixedviT, brunebis tipebi, brunvebi da maTi funqciebi, brunvaTa rigi, mravlobiTobis kategoria saxelebSi. TanxmovanfuZian saxelTa bruneba

  4. xmovanfuZian saxelTa bruneba, Taviseburebani

  5. Tandebulebi brunvaTa mixedviT; lokaluri brunvebi

  6. Tandebulebi ergativis semantikiT

  7. zedasarTavi saxelis raoba da jgufebi; xarisxi

  8. zedasarTavi saxelis bruneba calke da arsebiTTan erTad

  9. nacvalsaxelis raoba da jgufebi; nacvalsaxelTa bruneba; nawilakian saxelTa bruneba

  10. klasis kategoria qarTulSi

  11. ricxviTi saxelis raoba da jgufebi; ricxviTi saxelis bruneba calke da arsebiTTan erTad

  12. derivacia da KkompoziciaA

II. nawili

qarTuli zmnis morfologiuri analizi



  1. zmna ZiriTadi informacia, polipersonalizmi

  2. zmnis pirTa bruneba gardamaval da gardauval zmnebSi

  3. zmnis piris markireba. subieti da obieqtebi. pirTa kombinacia

  4. uRleba, Temis niSnebi

  5. versia da misi Taviseburebani; refleqsivi

  6. kontaqti; kauzacia

  7. zmniswini

  8. uRlebis ZiriTadi sistema. gardamaval zmnaTa uRleba. inversia

  9. prefiqsuri da unison dinamikuri vnebiTi gvaris

uRleba,

  1. statikuri zmnebi

  2. medioaqtivebis uRleba

  3. mediopasivebis uRleba

  4. Taviseburebani

  5. infinitivi da mimReoba

III. nawili


formaucvalebel sityvaTa morfologia.



  1. zmnizedis raoba da jgufebi

  2. kavSiri, nawilaki, Sorisdebuli.

  3. sityavTa rigi. Ergatiuloba

  4. testi


სავალდებულო ლიტერატურა



1. T. Makharoblidze BASIC GEORGIAN. LINCOM. DE; Germany. 2008. ISBN 9783895861512. LINCOM Studies in Caucasian Linguistics 16. 2008. ref.no.: ISBN 978 3 89586 151 2

2. T. Makharoblidze BASIC GEORGIAN. LINCOM. DE; Germany. 2009. ISBN 9783895861154. LINCOM Practical Language Courses 01. 2nd printing 2009. 

3. T. Makharoblidze A SHORT GRAMMAR OG GEORGIAN. LINCOM. LINCOM.DE Germany. 2009

ISBN 978 3 89586 151 2

4. T. Makharoblidze LEARNING GRAMMAR OF GEORGIAN. “Georgian For Foreigners”. Tbilisi. 2008 ISBN 978-9941-9018-8-1

4. a. SaniZe, 1973 - a. SaniZe, qarTuli enis gramatikis safuZvlebi. Tbilisi. 1973.

5. Howard Aronson “Georgian - A reading Grammar” Chicago University press. 1982

6. maxarobliZe T. lingvisturi werilebi I, saqarTvelos sapatriarqos wm. andria pirvelwodebulis saxelobis qarTuli universiteti. Tbilisi, 2009 ISBN 978-9941-404-50-4

დამატებითი ლიტერატურა და სხვა სასწავლო მასალა



  1. Kevin Tuite “Kartvelian Morphosyntax. Number Agreement and Morphosyntactic orientation in the South Caucasian Languages” (University of Montreal). Lincom. 2008

  2. Marchelo Cherchi “Georgian” (University of Chicago) Lincom. 2008a.

  3. Alice C. Harris. Georgian Syntax: A Study in Relational Grammar. (Cambridge University Press) 2009

  4. Dee A. Holisky. Aspect and Georgian Medial Verbs. December 1981

  5. Nancy Thuleen The Verbal Syntax and Ergativity of Georgian http://www.nthuleen.com/papers/L12paper.html

  6. Language descriptions http://www.language-archives.org/language/kat#language_descriptions

  7. WALS Online Resources for Georgian. Haspelmath, Martin (editor); Dryer, Matthew S. (editor); Gil, David (editor); Comrie, Bernard (editor). 2008-05-01. Max Planck Digital Library (http://mpdl.mpg.de/). oai:wals.info:languoid/geo

  8. Tense and Aspect Systems. Dahl, Östen. 1985. Blackwell. oai:refdb.wals.info:4272

  9. Evidentiality in Georgian. Boeder, Winfried. 2000. Evidentials: Turkic, Iranian and Neighbouring Languages. oai:refdb.wals.info:4614

  10. The indigenous languages of the Caucasus. Volume 1: The Kartvelian languages. Anonymous,. 1991. no booktitle. oai:refdb.wals.info:5147

  11. Georgian-English, English-Georgian Dictionary. Torikashvili, John J. 1992. Hippocrene Books. oai:refdb.wals.info:5579

  12. Studien zur Georgischen Wortbildung. Neisser, F. 1953. Deutsche Morgenlandische Gesellschaft. oai:refdb.wals.info:599

  13. Notes on the phonetics of the Georgian word. Robins, R. H.; Waterson, N. 1952. WALS Online RefDB. oai:refdb.wals.info:709

  14. Georgische Experimentalstudien. Selmer, E. W. 1935. Jacob Dybwad. oai:refdb.wals.info:761

  15. Einführung in die georgische Sprache. Tschenkéli, Kita. 1958. Amirami Verlag. oai:refdb.wals.info:846

  16. Esquisse d'une grammaire du georgien moderne. Vogt, Hans. 1938. WALS Online RefDB. oai:refdb.wals.info:868

  17. Structure phonemique du georgien. Vogt, Hans. 1958. WALS Online RefDB. oai:refdb.wals.info:869

  18. Grammaire de la langue géorgienne. Vogt, Hans. 1971. The Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture. oai:refdb.wals.info:870

  19. Georgian: a language of Georgia. Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (editor). 2005. SIL International (www.sil.org). oai:ethnologue.com:kat

  20. LINGUIST List Resources for Georgian. Anthony Aristar, Director of Linguist List (editor); Helen Aristar-Dry, Director of Linguist List (editor). 2009-09-18. The LINGUIST List (www.linguistlist.org). oai:linguistlist.org:lang_kat

  21. arabuli, 1984 – a. arabuli, mesame seriis nakvTeulTa warmoeba da mniSvneloba Zvel qarTulSi. Tbilisi, 1984

  22. S. afridoniZe, Cveni ena qarTuli, Tbilisi, 2002

  23. e. babunaSvili, 2002 - e. babunaSvili, zogi zmnis agebulebisaTvis qarTulSi. enaTmecnierebis sakiTxebi, Tb., 2002 #4

  24. T. gamyreliZe, 1979 - T. gamyreliZe, zmnis “pirianoba” da “valentoba” saenaTmecniero krebuli. Tbilisi. 1979

  25. p. gaCeCilaZe, Sorisdebuli axal saliteraturo qarTulSi, Tbilisi, 1979

  26. g. gogolaSvili dro-kiloTa mesame seriis nakvTeulTa warmoeba da mniSvneloba Zvel qarTulSi, Tbilisi, 1984

  27. t. gurgeniZe, 1984 – t. gurgeniZe, mravlobiTobis kategoria piris nacvalsaxelebSi da misi warmoebis zogadi principebi. Mmacne, els-2  1984. 114-129

  28. t. gurgeniZe, 1969 – t. gurgeniZe, saxelis brunvis formaTa mixedviT piris niSnebis ganawileba axal qarTulSi. Tsu aspirantTa da axalgazrda mecniermuSakTa XV samecniero konferencia. Tezisebi. Tbilisi. 1969

  29. m. damenia, 1982 – m. damenia, qarTuli zmnuri morfemebis struqturuli modelebi. Tbilisi, 1982

  30. m. damenia, 2003 – m. damenia, qceva, rogorc qarTuli zmnis gramatikuli kategoria. enaTmecnierebis sakiTxebi. #1. Tbilisi, 2003

  31. g deetersi, 2002 – g. deetersi, arsebobda Tu ara saxelTa klasebi yvela kavkasiur enaSi. enaTmecnierebis sakiTxebi. 2002 #2, Tbilisi.

  32. l. enuqiZe, 1974 – l. enuqiZe, zmnis valentobisa da pirianobis mimarTeba qarTulSi. Tanamedrove zogadi da maTematikuri enaTmecnierebis sakiTxebi, IV, 1974. 50-68

  33. f. erTeliSvili, 1970 - f. erTeliSvili, zmnuri fuZeebis fonematuri struqturisa da istoriis sakiTxebi qarTulSi. Tbilisi. 1970

  34. f. erTeliSvili, 1965 - f. erTeliSvili, qcevis sakiTxisaTvis qarTulSi. Tsu Sromebi. t. 114, 1965

  35. i. veSapiZeE zmniswini Zvel qarTul enaSi. Tbilisi, 1967

  36. i. veSapiZeE zmniswinis, zmnizedisa da Tandebulis urTierT damokidebulebisaTvis, Tsu Sromebi, Tbilisi, 1963

  37. Tanamedrove qarTuli saliteraturo enis normebi, I, Tbilisi, 1986

  38. a. TayaiSvili kauzativis warmoebis sakiTxi qarTulSi. qarTvelur enaTa struqturis sakiTxebi, IV Tbilisi, 1974

  39. v. Tofuria, qarTuli ena da marTlweris sakiTxebi, Tb., 1965, 1988

  40. v. Tofuria, 1979 - v. Tofuria, pirisa da CvenebiTi nacvelsaxelebi qarTvelur enebSi. Sromebi III. Tbilisi. 1979

  41. i. imnaiSvili, 1957 - i. imnaiSvili, saxelTa bruneba da brunvaTa funqciebi Zvel qarTulSi. Tbilisi. 1957.

  42. l. kvaWaZe, qarTuli ena, naw. I, Tb., 2001

  43. q. lomTaTiZe, 1953 – q. lomTaTiZe, Tbeba tipis zmnaTa istoriisaTvis qarTulSi. ike, IV. Tbilisi. 1953

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