The process by which ideas, beliefs and practices cross national boundaries

tarix06.05.2018
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Globalization is

the process

by which ideas, beliefs and practices

cross national boundaries

and tie individuals to world wide processes.
  • Globalization is

    the process

    by which ideas, beliefs and practices

    cross national boundaries

    and tie individuals to world wide processes.


Three forces Drive Globalization:

  • Three forces Drive Globalization:

  • UNIVERSALISM

  • IMPERIALISM

  • CAPITALISM



Interest in global expansion is based upon a material products that can be made and distributed on a

global basis

.
  • Interest in global expansion is based upon a material products that can be made and distributed on a

    global basis

    .
  • Universal business practices



See McDonaldization

-the homogenization of culture.
  • See McDonaldization

    -the homogenization of culture.
  • Corporations

    –level the landscape.
  • Products

    produced in chain store fashion


 George Ritzer in his book The McDonaldization of Society (1993). He

explains McDonaldization

occurs when

cultural possesses

assume the characteristics of a fast-food restaurant.
  •  George Ritzer in his book The McDonaldization of Society (1993). He

    explains McDonaldization

    occurs when

    cultural possesses

    assume the characteristics of a fast-food restaurant.
  • Scientific management

    =Weber’s rationalization thesis.


Universality is a left wing movement…

  • Universality is a left wing movement…

  • A philosophy concerning the provision of the

    benefits of the welfare state

    which declares that

    all citizens have access regardless of their need

    .
  • For example,

    all citizens receive

    the same access to health care in Canada, regardless of their income.


Neo-liberal policies

of globalization entail that

less powerful citizens

can be more easily deprived of benefits.
  • Neo-liberal policies

    of globalization entail that

    less powerful citizens

    can be more easily deprived of benefits.
  • Benefits

    can be more easily reduced.
  • Benefits are not received

    by most people in the population.
  • The

    principle of universality

    has been seriously eroded by globalization.


Local crops are replaced by

specialized industries

  • Local crops are replaced by

    specialized industries

  • Standard of living may go up for some, for many there is

    increasing exploitation

    .  
  • Instead of goods exchanged

    through barter, individuals must work for a company and

    pay for goods in cash.

  • This has been linked to

    patriarchy and

    alienated labour.



Imperialism

–is the notion that developed nations can

help and exploit

lesser developed nations.
  • Imperialism

    –is the notion that developed nations can

    help and exploit

    lesser developed nations.
  • Inclusiveness

    leaves nothing untouched

    . This notion has an

    embedded militarism

    .
  • The Koran

    and the Semitar, the Bible and the Sword, Communist manifesto and tanks.
  • Imperialism is

    colonialism with added militarism


Capitalism-Profit or surplus value.

  • Capitalism-Profit or surplus value.

  • The

    search for suplus value-

    the market drive for profit
  • Cheaper and more

    efficient ways of producing goods for sale and consumption.
  • Capitalism

    is characterized by systematic consumption, systematic exchange, wealth accumulation.


  • Globalism

    -a transnational political mobilization that focuses individual energies on global issues rather than on the nation-state.


Global consciousness

where opinions are formed and issues are resolved by hammering out global interests.
  • Global consciousness

    where opinions are formed and issues are resolved by hammering out global interests.
  • UN, World Bank, INTERPOL…



1-Expansion of the West

  • 1-Expansion of the West

  • 2. Uneven development

  • 3.WW1 and WW2

  • 4. American self consciousness

  • 5. Neo-liberal movement (1980s)



It is a process that both connects and

stimulates awareness

of global connection.
  • It is a process that both connects and

    stimulates awareness

    of global connection.
  • Globalization dissolves the autonomy of

    Nations

    in contemporary world order.
  • Globalization

    enhances global inequality



  •      

    When Corporations Rule the World

     by. David C. Korten, Kumarian Press and Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 1995 

    ...



Involves the following

six processes:

  • Involves the following

    six processes:

  • 1. International economic institutions

  • 2. Global corporations

  • 3. International markets

  • 4. Global production/consumption

  • 5. More competitive nations

  • 6. World wide division of labour



Liberal Interpretation

  • Liberal Interpretation

  •  Adam Smith

    developed first developed the notion of

    individualism

    and the division of labour


  • Capitalism

    is a mutually beneficial system consistent with human nature. (See Hobbesian view of man)
  • Socialist debate this (See Rousseau’s view man)



The is significant

debate

around globalization from different sociological

perspectives..

  • The is significant

    debate

    around globalization from different sociological

    perspectives..



SF

-modernization and adaptation
  • SF

    -modernization and adaptation
  • Conflict theory

    -dialectical change towards end of capitalism-its

    last crisis

  • Symbolic Interactionism

    -rationalization


The economy will take care of itself

  • The economy will take care of itself

  • Economics is structurally differentiated from politics

  • Economic downturns =market correction…not collapse



Globalization

=Iron cage of capitalism
  • Globalization

    =Iron cage of capitalism
  • Increase

    in formal rationality of bureaucracy I.e. monopoly capitalism
  • Decrease

    in substantive rationality, loss of human control
  • See G. Ritzer on Mcdonaldization of culture



The symbols signs and language are characterized by

Corporate Logos

  • The symbols signs and language are characterized by

    Corporate Logos

  • Logos affect consciousness.

  • See Naomi Klein’s book, NO LOGO…(1999)



  • THE GLOBAL VILLAGE is THE GLOBAL EXPLOITATIVE MARKET

  • FREE ENTERPRISE IS AN ILLUSION’

  • FREE FOR WHO?



Include 6 key points regarding the political economy and global economics:

  • Include 6 key points regarding the political economy and global economics:

  • The 6 points are as follows:



THE GLOBAL VILLAGE is THE GLOBAL EXPLOITATIVE MARKET

  • THE GLOBAL VILLAGE is THE GLOBAL EXPLOITATIVE MARKET

  • FREE ENTERPRISE IS AN ILLUSION’

  • FREE FOR WHO?



      1. Marx believed that capitalism is ultimately a

system of exploitation

  •       1. Marx believed that capitalism is ultimately a

    system of exploitation

  •     2.Marx believed workers receive a pittance wage compared to the owners of the

    means of production

  • 3.      Marx believed that

    Socialism

    would replace capitalism
  • 4.     Liberal critics argue that

    Socialism is unrealistic,

    others believe it may still happen
  • . 5. Contractions of capitalism

    =(surplus value) 

  • 6

    . Surplus value

    requires worker exploitation.
  • 7.

    Maximization of profit

    requires bourgeoisie to go further abroad for profit.
  • 8. Economic downturns inevitable

  • 9. Attempts to correct system will ultimately fail.

  • 10. Capitalism

    sows the seeds

    of its own destruction.


  • THE RESULT:

    will be improved economic order-interests of all men better served.

    SOCIALISM OR

  • SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION or True communism



IS

HIGHLY CRITICAL

OF THE ENTIRE CONCEPT OF MODERNIZATION.
  • IS

    HIGHLY CRITICAL

    OF THE ENTIRE CONCEPT OF MODERNIZATION.
  • Is society `modernizing’

    or is it merely going round and round…

    fragmented,

    multiple realities, multiple discourses?.


  

Mulroney Betrayed Canada

...speech in 1983 stated:
  •   

    Mulroney Betrayed Canada

    ...speech in 1983 stated:
  •  

  • "

    Free trade

    with the United States is like sleeping with an elephant. It's terrific until the elephant twitches, and if you role over you are a dead man"
  • (

    Thunder Bay, 1983)



1

. Bill C22

weakened generic drug laws.
  • 1

    . Bill C22

    weakened generic drug laws.
  • in the name of profit

  • 2

    . FIRA

    and National Energy Program
  • `guaranteed access'

  • 3. Secret deals over

    Softwood Lumber

    .
  • 4. Secret deals over the value of the

    Canadian dollar.



.

1.

Unemployment

-4% points higher-although recession will end-"but high unemployment, underutilized capacity, and a

lower standard of living

overall"
  • .

    1.

    Unemployment

    -4% points higher-although recession will end-"but high unemployment, underutilized capacity, and a

    lower standard of living

    overall"
  •  Underemployment

    -part-time, temporary, contractual jobs.


2.

Deindustrialization

-a warehouse economy-worse than branch plant....GDP now 16% from 19% before FTA
  • 2.

    Deindustrialization

    -a warehouse economy-worse than branch plant....GDP now 16% from 19% before FTA
  •  

  • 3.

    Jobs Heading South

    -"blind doctrinaire adherence to age old Adam Smith economics"
  •  



4. Foriegn ownership

-1.fewer jobs
  • 4. Foriegn ownership

    -1.fewer jobs
  • 2.poorer jobs

  • 3.less diverse exports

  • 4. fewer professionals



It is a process that both connects and

stimulates awareness

of connection.
  • It is a process that both connects and

    stimulates awareness

    of connection.
  • Globalization

    dissolves the autonomy

    of actors and practices in contemporary world order.


GLOBALIZATION

is key issue in sociology today.
  • GLOBALIZATION

    is key issue in sociology today.
  • Sociological theorists-

    structural functional, conflict and symbolic interactionist debate its significance in terms of modernization


The analytical definition highlights universal factors (e.g., Giddens).

  • The analytical definition highlights universal factors (e.g., Giddens).

  • The historical definition focuses on specific developments (e.g., Freidman).

  • The merger of both perspectives (e.g., Robertson):

    • Robertson defines globalization as the compression and intensification of awareness of the world, both of which have developed over centuries but most intensely in recent times.




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